What Is The Connection Between Humans And Nature?The human - nature connection has been studied by academics for decades. In the 1980s, developmental psychologists observed that the tendency to get close to nature is present in young children and put forward the hypothesis that we are genetically predisposed to seek a connection with nature.
Interestingly, another study revealed that this desire to find a nature connection was evident even in representations of nature, such as wall art.
Researchers at a psychiatric hospital in Sweden noted that while patients had negative reactions to abstract art paintings and decorations, they consistently responded positively to art that depicted nature.This has led researchers to suggest there is a built-in bias towards natural environments. Some have that suggested we prefer natural spaces because originally, they provided us with everything we needed to prosper and evolve as a species. Whether this preference for nature is coded in our genes or not is still subject to debate within the scientific community. Although we may not fully understand the details of the human-nature affiliation, the beneficial effects of connecting with nature cannot be denied.
Moreover, scientists have found similar evidence in cross-cultural studies, suggesting that this eagerness to get close to nature is due to more than just aesthetic preferences. In a way, we can say that the belief that a nature connection is good for us and has some sort of healing effect on soul and body is universal.
The Link Between Nature, Our Emotions, And RelationshipsIt seems clear that the environment we live in plays an important role in our emotional state and overall happiness. According to science, natural environments have two major benefits for our emotions. First of all, being connected to nature can lead to stress reduction and mood improvement. Research studies have found a correlation between exposure to natural stimuli, stress and anger reduction, and improvement in self-reported psychological well-being and mental health.
Those of us who live in urban environments (more than 50 percent of the world population according to recent statistics) often find it soothing to spend time in nature because it gives us a break from the hyper-stimulation of the senses we experience in cities. This calming effect has even been observed in EEG tests, which showed a physical response to nature in more stable brain waves and in a blood flow increase to the amygdala, the organ that controls stress and fear.
The second benefit of feeling attuned to nature involves enjoying stronger bonds with others. A better and more relaxed mood translates into a more compassionate attitude that can improve the quality of our social bonds. Supporting this argument are studies that prove that exposure to nature by simply watching Planet Earth videos fostered cooperation and altruism between participants.
How Emotions Influence Our HealthLike a domino effect, nature influences our emotions relationships and in turn, these affect our overall health and happiness. For example, being in nature generates emotions like awe, joy, serenity, gratitude, and inspiration. According to psychologists, these positive emotions build up a range of micro-moments that over time contribute to a deep sense of happiness.
Other science-based studies have shown that Positive emotions can lead to a reduction in the chances of developing heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure, as well as helping improve chronic and inflammatory disease. Other research findings suggest that positive emotions can help boost resistance to illness and strengthen the immune system.
What Can We Learn From This?So developing a connection with nature can only benefit us, but how can we achieve this in a world that is increasingly disconnected from it? We don’t need to become hermits and live in a remote mountain hut to appreciate nature and build a connection with it. Some practical ideas that you can easily put into practice include:
- Visit parks and gardens
- Organise a picnic or try to meet others outdoors whenever possible
- Take up gardening
- Grow your own herbs or vegetable patch
- Take your time to savour whole foods
- Get started stargazing/birdwatching
- Go on a hiking or camping holiday