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Meditation, Mindfulness and Mindfulness Meditation

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I find these 3 words thrown around almost synonymously quite often. I think it hurts the cause, and it might create false expectations and also confusing claims of the benefits.

In their book "Altered Traits: Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Your Mind, Brain, and Body" Daniel Goleman (PhD graduate in psychology from Harvard University) and Richard Davidson (professor of psychology and psychiatry at the University of Wisconsin–Madison) provide a meta-analysis of the research done on Meditation up until now. One of the main problems they identify is that in the studies, every kind of Meditation gets thrown together. While different types of Meditation have different effects and influence different traits and areas of the brain. So being clear about which kind of Meditation does what with which goal helps archiving those goals.

While Meditation refers to a wide range of different mental exercises like Bodyscan, Mantra Meditation, Vipassana Meditation, Loving Kindness, Visualization, ...

Mindfulness, according to Wikipedia, is "the psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment, which one can develop through the practice of meditation and through other training."

So Meditation is only one path of many towards Mindfulness, and the types of Meditation used to develop mindfulness are called Mindfulness Meditation.

On the other hand, Mindfulness Meditation refers only to a specific subset of meditation techniques. The body scan is one of the methods used to develop mindfulness.


Did this help clarify?

What is your take on the difference?


All the sufferings are created through Body or Mind . Meditation is a technique to create a space between you and the body, you and the mind so that you become fearless. Everything runs in Harmony and no suffering can enter in to your body or mind.

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